What Is It?
Creams, gels/jellies, foams, films or suppositories containing sperm-killing chemicals.
How Does It Work?
- Kills sperm
- Some kinds block sperm from entering the cervix
- Prevents fertilization
How Is It Used?
- Placed inside the vagina by hand or with applicator before sex
- May be placed on condom, or inside diaphragm or cervical cap
74% - 94%
Using a condom with spermicide increases effectiveness up to 99.9%
- Only effective for about one hour when used alone
- Additional application is needed for each act of intercourse
- Follow instructions, some are not effective until 10-15 minutes after inserting
- No prescription needed
- Available at most drugstores
- May cause irritation or discomfort
- Frequent spermicide use (> or = 2 times/day) may cause irritation that may increase susceptibility to HIV
- May increase risk for vaginal and urinary tract infections
- Some people may be allergic to spermicides
- Proper use may interrupt sexual mood
- May leak, or feel messy
NOT PROVEN TO REDUCE THE RISK OF HIV/AIDS AND STDs