The Delaware Newborn Screening Program (NSP) is a program intended to identify newborn babies with one of a number of rare disorders. Babies with these disorders may appear well at birth. Most of these disorders, if not identified and treated soon after birth, can result in developmental delay, substantial cognitive disability, serious medical problems, or even death. There are some disorders that may be detected that have no proven definitively effective treatment.
Newborn screening, together with rapid confirmatory diagnosis and treatment prevents cognitive delay, illness, and death in newborns. It also saves millions of dollars in treatment, home, and institutional cost.
For every $1 spent on newborn screening, it is estimated that between $2 and $4 are saved. The savings are primarily in reduced medical costs and in the reduced requirement for special education for children who otherwise would have been disabled.
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