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Delaware Health Alert Network #18

March 29, 2003 4:35 pm


Health Advisory
INTERIM GUIDANCE ON INFECTION CONTROL PRECAUTIONS FOR PATIENTS WITH SUSPECTED SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME (SARS) AND CLOSE CONTACTS IN HOUSEHOLDS

Patients with SARS pose a risk of transmission to close household contacts and healthcare personnel in close contact. The duration of time before or after onset of symptoms during which a patient with SARS can transmit the disease to others is unknown. The following infection control measures are recommended for patients with suspected SARS in households or residential settings. These recommendations are based on the experience in the United States to date and may be revised as more information becomes available.

  • SARS patients should limit interactions outside the home and should not go to work, school, out-of-home child care or other public areas until ten days after resolution of fever and respiratory symptoms. During this time, infection control precautions should be used, as described below, to minimize the potential for transmission.
  • All members of a household with a SARS patient should carefully follow recommendations for hand hygiene (e.g., frequent hand washing or use of alcohol-based hand rubs), particularly after contact with body fluids (e.g., respiratory secretions, urine, or feces). See:  http://www.cdc.gov/handhygiene  for more details on hand hygiene. 
  • Use of disposable gloves should be considered for any direct contact with body fluids of a SARS patient.  However, gloves are not intended to replace proper hand hygiene . Immediately after activities involving contact with body fluids, gloves should be removed and discarded and hands should be cleaned. Gloves must never be washed or reused.
  • Each patient with SARS should be advised to cover his or her mouth and nose with a facial tissue when coughing or sneezing. If possible, a SARS patient should wear a surgical mask during close contact with uninfected persons to prevent spread of infectious droplets. When a SARS patient is unable to wear a surgical mask, household members should wear surgical masks when in close contact with the patient.
  • Sharing of eating utensils, towels and bedding between SARS patients and others should be avoided, although such items can be used by others after routine cleaning (e.g., washing with soap and hot water). Environmental surfaces soiled by body fluids should be cleaned with a household disinfectant according to manufacturer's instructions; gloves should be worn during this activity.
  • Household waste soiled with body fluids of SARS patients, including facial tissues and surgical masks, may be discarded as normal waste.
  • Household members or other close contacts of SARS patients who develop fever or respiratory symptoms should seek healthcare evaluation. When possible, in advance of the evaluation, healthcare providers should be informed that the individual is a close contact of a SARS patient. Household members or other close contacts with symptoms of SARS should follow the same precautions recommended for SARS patients.
  • At this time, in the absence of fever or respiratory symptoms, household members or other close contacts of SARS patients need not limit their activities outside the home.

Categories of Health Alert messages:

  • Health Alert: Conveys the highest level of importance; warrants immediate action or attention.
  • Health Advisory: Provides important information for a specific incident or situation; may not require immediate action.
  • Health Update: Provides updated information regarding an incident or situation; unlikely to require immediate action.
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